The Most Popular Online Literature Library


Jean-Baptiste Poquelin (Moliere) - Biography and Works

Jean-Baptiste Poquelin (1622-1673) was born in the French family in Paris, France. He had a comfortable childhood as his father worked in the palace of the King for supplying the furniture. He is mostly known by his stage name Moliere. He is regarde ...More

Luigi Pirandello - Biography and Works

Luigi Pirandello (1867-1936) born in Sicily, Italy is regarded as the precursor of the absurdist theatre. He is a great Italian novelist, playwright, and short story writer who won the Nobel Prize for the literature in 1934. He is the father of Meta ...More


Hawk Roosting by Ted Hughes: Summary and Critical Analysis

Ted Hughes' poem 'Hawk Roosting' on its literal level of meaning is an expression of a bird of prey, the hawk, which is sitting on a tree and meditating about its power of destruction, its ability to suppress change, and its conceited arrogance and s ...More

Stylistic Qualities of Hughes' Poetry

Ted Hughes' poetic style is original and he is influenced by Hopkins, Dylan Thomas and Sylvia Plath. His usual tendency is to use tough vocabulary and put words together in an unusual combination.More


Themes in Uncle Tom's Cabin

The theme of a novel is the general vision of life or the more explicit proposition about human experience that the literary work conveys. There is a special variety of theme known as a moral, an exhortation to good behavior that may take the form of ...More

Symbols in Uncle Tom's Cabin

Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors which are used to represent abstract ideas or concepts in the literary works. A symbol resembles the allegorical sign only in representing something more than itself. Its relationship to the thing ...More


Symbolism in Synge's Riders to the Sea

J.M. Synge's Riders to the Sea is embedded with many symbols highlighting the tragedy of the central character, Maurya. Most of the symbols are classic and typical suggesting the universal meanings. The careful and effective use of the symbolism has ...More

The Role of the Sea in Riders to the Sea

The sea plays an important role in Riders to the Sea. It is an invisible force which shapes the destinies of all the characters. The readers or the spectators are throughout aware of its moods and its power. It does not appear on the stage but we fee ...More

Short Fiction

Clay by James Joyce: Theme

Clay by James Joyce is very highly symbolic story. It shows us a middle-aged woman named Maria and her usual life. Maria is an unmarried woman who lives her life very simply. As her life is a very simple one and as she is unmarried, we can assume tha ...More

Clay by James Joyce: Critical Interpretation

Maria, a female protagonist, in Clay represents a quiet life of a single maid who is famous for her "peace making role" in the laundry. It is a great irony that though she is a great peacemaker in laundry, she has been unable to maintain peace and or ...More


A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift: Critical Commentary

In the prologue of a well-known essay 'A Modest Proposal' Jonathan Swift clarifies his purpose behind writing his proposal. Ireland was a colony under the British Empire. Like other colonies, Ireland was also being exploited badly. Most of the people ...More

Cocksure Women and Hensure Men

Lawrence's "Cocksure Women and Hensure Men" is an argumentative essay which centers round the issue of 'feminism'. The essayist offers an analogy of hen in order to support his claim which he makes throughout the essay.More

Critical Theory

From The Poetics of Aristotle Translated and Explained

Castelvetro's work on the Poetics of Aristotle was published in 1570, though often erroneous in transmitting Aristotle's ideas, it was extremely influential in the history of drama and of criticism. Castelvetro emphasized Realism in drama, clarified ...More

The Consolation of Philosophy

Boethius ideas presented in "The Consolation of Philosophy" are influential. He translated both Plato and Aristotle into Latin. Plato, regarding poetry, influenced him. Like Plato, he says that there is an ancient quarrel between poetry and philosoph ...More

English Periods

Salient Features of Victorian Literature

The word Victorian suggests a few features of the literature including poetry of the nineteenth century. In poetry and literature, it carries the suggestion of pessimistic subject, elegiac tone, lyrical expression, musical poetry, description of the ...More

Nineteenth Century Prose

With the arrival of romanticism, the nineteenth century prose reached a new stage and became for the first time a literary norm of its own. The essay of this time became highly personal and often whimsical. They also contained the wanderings of the w ...More

Literary Terms

Stream of Consciousness Technique - Literary Term

The stream of consciousness technique is a definite mode of writing novels developed in the early twentieth century. We may define stream of consciousness fiction as a type of fiction in which the basic emphasis is placed on the exploration of the pr ...More

The Theatre of the Absurd - Definition of Literary Term

The term 'Theatre of the Absurd' is applied to a number of dramatic works which share the view that the human condition is essentially absurd by which is meant a lack of meaning in life.More

Explore Further Topic

Arts in Painting

Creation of Knowledge

Movement and Genre Studies

Rhetoric and Composition

Like Us!