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Robinson Jeffers - Biography and Works

Robinson Jeffers (1887-1962) was born on January 10, 1887, in Allegheny, Pennsylvania a town which is now part of Pittsburgh. Jeffers travelled through Europe during his youth, which included schooling in Switzerland.More

Thomas Carew - Biography and Works

Thomas Carew was born in 1595 AD at West Wickham, Kent as a third son of Sir Matthew Carew. He was one of the most important cavalier poets. He had completed his matriculation from Merton College, Oxford and did bachelors from Cambridge in 1612. In 1 ...More


The Eye by Robinson Jeffers: Critical Appreciation

The given poem, "The Eye," is a satiric poem that satirizes the human craze and the history of war and destruction. The poem is a meditation on the Pacific Ocean, whose very name means "peaceful". If we look carefully for hints, we find that the situ ...More

The Eye by Robinson Jeffers: Literary Appreciation

The Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and the Pacific are the oceans and the sea which are allusions that invite us to consider the situation of the poem. "The Eye", the oceans and the wars that have been mentioned here and the poet draws a line of relati ...More


Summary of Frankenstein

The novel opens with the letters written by Robert Walton to his sister in England explaining about his adventurous journey to the north pole. On the way he met another ambitious scientist Victor Frankenstein, who had been too weak to travel due to e ...More

Narrative Technique in Frankenstein

Mary Shelley had many narrative conventions hitherto followed by earlier writers. Jane Austen had written many novels, but the area, she covered was restricted to one or two families. Her realistic mode did not suit Mary Shelly. More


Summary of A Marriage Proposal

Lomov pays a visit to his neighbor, Choobookov. He is wearing a dress-suit. Choobookov expresses a great pleasure. He welcomes him and gives him a warm handshake. But he is surprised to see him in a formal dress, and thinks that perhaps he is on his ...More

Natalia's attitude towards Lomov

Natalia comes to Lomov and is surprised to see him because her father has told her that there is a businessman who has come to buy something. She begs to be excused for wearing an apron and an old dress. She asks if he would like to have something to ...More

Critical Theory

The Poetics of Aristotle Translated and Explained by Lodovico Castelverto

Castelvetro is a good commentator on Aristotle’s poetics. In his treatment of the unity of time, his ideas are more rigid than Aristotle later followed by many neo- classical critics. Aristotle holds that the science, the art and history are not su ...More

The German Ideology by Karl Marx

Marx forwards the key idea that “production of ideas or consciousnesses is directly related to material reality.” Man is the producer of ideas who himself is determined by the material reality. The idea, consciousness can never be other than the ...More

English Periods

Nineteenth Century Prose

With the arrival of romanticism, the nineteenth century prose reached a new stage and became for the first time a literary norm of its own. The essay of this time became highly personal and often whimsical. They also contained the wanderings of the w ...More

Nineteenth Century Novelist

The nineteenth-century novelists are also known as Victorian novelists and it was considered as the greatest age of English novel. During this period, many famous novelists wrote a number of great novels. Generally the subject matter of the Victorian ...More

Genre Studies

Victorian Studies: Introduction

According to George Levine, the writer of this essay, last twenty-five years is a good reference point to restart the interest in "Victorianism". It seems ironical that the left wing scholars are, 'being interested in academy to read Victorian period ...More

Rereading the Victorian Period

There are mainly two aspects to see the Victorian period: The textual, and The ideological. These two aspects are intimately, although sometimes antagonistically, related. These aspects together criticize the conventions of Victorian developments. Th ...More

Literary Terms

Cavalier Poetry - Definition of Literary Term

The term ‘Cavalier’ or ‘Caroline’ (adjective from “Charles”) is used for a group of mid 17th century poets who sided with King Charles I against the parliament. These Cavalier or Caroline poets were the followers of Ben Johnson, and may p ...More

Volta - Definition of Literary Term

Volta is a term which is used in sonnet. It is related with the feeling of the poet in a sonnet. More

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