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Biography

Mark Twain - Biography and Works

Samuel Langhorne Clemens, who wrote under the pen name of Mark Twain, was born in Florida, Missouri, of a Virginian family. The family soon moved to Hannibal, Missouri, where Twain was brought up. At school, according to his own words, he "excelled ...More

Henry David Thoreau – Biography and Works

Henry David Thoreau was born in Concord, Massachusetts on July 12, 1817. As an American born essayist, poet, philosopher, naturalist, historian, editor and social critic; Thoreau had been deeply influenced by Emerson’s Nature (1836) and he remained ...More


Poem

The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost: Summary and Analysis

"The Road Not Taken" is a poem by four Pulitzer Prize winner American poet Robert Frost, published in 1916 as the first poem in the collection "Mountain Interval". Together with "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening", this poem "The Road Not Taken" i ...More

After Picking Apple by Robert Frost: Summary and Analysis

After Picking Apple was written and published in 1914 in North of Boston. It is one of the remarkable nature-poems of Frost written in 42 lines. It is written in the first person and rich in symbolism.More


Fiction

Themes in Uncle Tom's Cabin

The theme of a novel is the general vision of life or the more explicit proposition about human experience that the literary work conveys. There is a special variety of theme known as a moral, an exhortation to good behavior that may take the form of ...More

Symbols in Uncle Tom's Cabin

Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors which are used to represent abstract ideas or concepts in the literary works. A symbol resembles the allegorical sign only in representing something more than itself. Its relationship to the thing ...More


Drama

Sylvette and Percinet as the Young Romancers

Sylvette and Percinet have all the qualities of young romancers. They are teenagers who have just come home from school when they saw each other passing, they began to fall in love. They do not know how quickly it happened. Their eyes converse in cod ...More

Reasons of Fake Kidnapping in The Romancers

Bergamin and Pasquinot are old friends. Their sole aim has been to live together by getting their children married to each other. They did not get them married in the beginning. They invent an imaginary hatred between them. When the children are madl ...More


Short Fiction

Clay by James Joyce: Theme

Clay by James Joyce is very highly symbolic story. It shows us a middle-aged woman named Maria and her usual life. Maria is an unmarried woman who lives her life very simply. As her life is a very simple one and as she is unmarried, we can assume tha ...More

Clay by James Joyce: Critical Interpretation

Maria, a female protagonist, in Clay represents a quiet life of a single maid who is famous for her "peace making role" in the laundry. It is a great irony that though she is a great peacemaker in laundry, she has been unable to maintain peace and or ...More


Essay

In the Animals' Court by Mark Twain: Summary and Analysis

The evidence showed that the Rabbit joined the army by compulsion but deserted it when he had to confront the enemy. Before passing death sentence, he justified that he had not violated the law but obeyed the law of God, which proved that the rabbit ...More

The Battle of the Ants by Henry David Thoreau: Critical Commentary

In this essay "The Battle of the Ants" Thoreau is concerned with an event; he has a story to tell. And like any essayist, he also has a persuasive purpose, a purpose, like that of any narrative essayist, is to offer an interpretation of the story – ...More


Critical Theory

The Paradox of Acting by Denis Diderot: An Overview

Diderot, in the essay "The Paradox of Acting", dismantles the theoretical distinction between poet, actor, work, and audience. They all, for him work for the unity of the whole. Hazard Adams writes "What the poet experiences and writes about an actor ...More

Discourse on Art by Sir Joshna Reynolds: An Overview

Sir Joshna Reynolds in 'Discourse on Art' seems to build a principle of aesthetics. He refutes the idea that beauty does not follow rule. Rather he puts emphasis on the principles that make a work of art beautiful, the principles that assist “clear ...More


English Periods

Salient Features of Victorian Literature

The word Victorian suggests a few features of the literature including poetry of the nineteenth century. In poetry and literature, it carries the suggestion of pessimistic subject, elegiac tone, lyrical expression, musical poetry, description of the ...More

Nineteenth Century Prose

With the arrival of romanticism, the nineteenth century prose reached a new stage and became for the first time a literary norm of its own. The essay of this time became highly personal and often whimsical. They also contained the wanderings of the w ...More


Literary Terms

Stream of Consciousness Technique - Literary Term

The stream of consciousness technique is a definite mode of writing novels developed in the early twentieth century. We may define stream of consciousness fiction as a type of fiction in which the basic emphasis is placed on the exploration of the pr ...More

The Theatre of the Absurd - Definition of Literary Term

The term 'Theatre of the Absurd' is applied to a number of dramatic works which share the view that the human condition is essentially absurd by which is meant a lack of meaning in life.More


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