Hope is the Thing with Feathers by Emily Dickinson: Summary and Analysis

Hope is the Thing with Feathers is written in 1891 by Emily Dickinson. The technique of concretizing abstract feelings is quite frequent in Emily Dickinson's poetry. But to a poet endowed with tragic sense, the theme of hope is quite unusual. This is one of the few poems where Emily strikes a note of hope. The poet calls a hope a thing with feathers (bird) that sits on the soul and keeps on singing a song of optimism.


Emily Dickinson



The speaker in this poem calls hope as a bird “the thing with feathers” that sits in the soul of every human being. There, it sings in abstract tune a song of optimism. Its incessant melody inspires in man a sense of optimism. It goes on singing wordlessly and without any single pause. Hope sits on the soul like a constant companion. It is an abstract tune of optimism. Man never stops to hope. The sweetest song of hope is heard in the blow of sorrows, that is, the greater the troubles, the sweeter and more articulate our hope. Hope soothes and gives the warmth of comfort to many people. Such hope cannot be put out of countenance, unless by a sore storm. Men cease hoping only when they are in the sorest distress.

The introduction of the first person 'I' is remarkable. It changes the tone of the poem from objectivity to subjectivity. The poet now tells us that she had heard the song of hope in the chilliest land and on the strangest sea. Yet the bird of hope is so selfless that it never asks anything in return, not even a crumb. The poet has heard the song bird of hope in moments of greatest distress not only in her own life, but in others' lives as well. Hope is selfless. It comforts all when they need the comfort most. But it never expects of them anything in return.

Hope is the Thing with Feathers is written in an iambic trimeter that often expands to include a fourth stress at the end of the line. It is her hallmark to use long dashes and pauses to indicate breaks and rhythmic flow in the poem.

Dickinson uses homiletic style, which is derived from Psalms and religious book, to introduce her metaphorical description of Hope as a bird. She presents her metaphor in the first two lines;Hope is the thing with feathers— / That perches in the soul. Then she tells what the bird does, how it reacts to hardship, where it can be found, and what it asks for itself.

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