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The Most Popular Online Literature Library presents summary and analysis of British and American poetry, fiction, drama, non-fiction and criticism for students.

Biography

Countee Cullen - Biography and Works

Countee Cullen was one of the most important Harlem Renaissance poets, novelist, anthologist, children's writer, translator and playwright. He was one of the African American poet who won most of the prestigious awards from his high school days that ...More

Stevie Smith - Biography and Works

Florence Margaret Smith, generally recognized as Stevie Smith was one of the famous female English poet and novelist. She was born in Yorkshire, England. Her father was a businessman of shipping company, but when his business started to get loss he w ...More


Poem

Heritage by Countee Cullen: Summary and Analysis

Heritage by Countee Cullen was first collected in his first volume of poems Color which is regarded as the landmark for the Harlem Renaissance. This famous poem is also considered as the Black Waste Land because it is also about the confusion of the ...More

Not Waving but Drowning by Stevie Smith: Summary and Analysis

Not Waving but Drowning is one of the most appreciated poem of Stevie Smith which was chosen as the fourth favorite poem in England in 1995. Her trademark of moving from comic to tragic and from the simplicity to the darker theme of life is vividly p ...More


Fiction

Themes in Uncle Tom's Cabin

The theme of a novel is the general vision of life or the more explicit proposition about human experience that the literary work conveys. There is a special variety of theme known as a moral, an exhortation to good behavior that may take the form of ...More

Symbols in Uncle Tom's Cabin

Symbols are objects, characters, figures, and colors which are used to represent abstract ideas or concepts in the literary works. A symbol resembles the allegorical sign only in representing something more than itself. Its relationship to the thing ...More


Drama

Romances or Tragicomedies in Shakespeare’s Last Plays

Shakespeare's last plays 'romances' effectively continue the irregular line of development of his earlier works by interfacing comic and tragic themes with a new intensity. All these romances deal in one way or another with evil and innocence, guilt ...More

Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett: A Tragedy

In the tradition of tragedy there is always a profound understanding of suffering and helpless humanity. The tradition continues from the ancient Greeks to the modern playwrights - Luigi Pirandello, Arthur Miller, Jean-Paul Sartre and Samuel Beckett, ...More


Short Fiction

Enemies by Anton Chekhov: Summary and Analysis

About ten o'clock in the evening, the district doctor Kirilov's only son died if diphtheria. The doctor's wife was before the child's bed. After five minutes the doorbell rang. The doctor himself went to the door. The visitor, Aboguin, asked if the d ...More

The Valiant Woman by James Farl Powers: Summary and Analysis

The story 'The Valiant Woman' by James Farl Powers is a story about the relation between man and woman in the context of a Roman Catholic. It presents the private life of Roman Catholic priests in off-duty moment and deals with the moral and practica ...More


Essay

The Timeless World of a Play by Tennessee Williams: Summary

Classical Greek tragedies were really excellent. The actors wore masks, moved like dancers and used highly literary language. The Greek audiences considered all these artificial things quite normal. Perhaps they supposed that the created world of a p ...More

The Timeless World of a Play by Tennessee Williams: Commentary

The Timeless World of a Play by Williams elaborates upon the generally accepted idea that art in any form captures and makes significant action, emotion, or mood 'in a world outside of time'. He pleads for greater understanding and for a recognition ...More


Critical Theory

The Paradox of Acting by Denis Diderot: An Overview

Diderot, in the essay The Paradox of Acting, dismantles the theoretical distinction between poet, actor, work, and audience. They all, for him work for the unity of the whole. Hazard Adams writes 'What the poet experiences and writes about an actor i ...More

Discourse on Art by Sir Joshna Reynolds: An Overview

Sir Joshna Reynolds in 'Discourse on Art' seems to build a principle of aesthetics. He refutes the idea that beauty does not follow rule. Rather he puts emphasis on the principles that make a work of art beautiful, the principles that assist “clear ...More


English Periods

Salient Features of Victorian Literature

The word Victorian suggests a few features of the literature including poetry of the nineteenth century. In poetry and literature, it carries the suggestion of pessimistic subject, elegiac tone, lyrical expression, musical poetry, description of the ...More

Nineteenth Century Prose

With the arrival of romanticism, the nineteenth century prose reached a new stage and became for the first time a literary norm of its own. The essay of this time became highly personal and often whimsical. They also contained the wanderings of the w ...More


Literary Terms

What is Confessional Poetry?

The confessional poetry is something that poets of the fifties like Robert Lowell and John Berryman had developed; but it reached its climax with Anne Sexton. Confessional mode of poetry is also defined as the poetry of 'I' centering on the extremes ...More

What is Harlem Renaissance?

Harlem Renaissance is a literary movement that emerged exclusively in African American area of Harlem, New York in 1920s. A mass migration had taken place in Harlem from the South after the World War I. This particular Renaissance refers to artistic, ...More




Explore Further Topic

Arts in Painting

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Movement and Genre Studies

Rhetoric and Composition

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