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The Most Popular Online Literature Library presents summary and analysis of British and American poetry, fiction, drama, non-fiction and criticism for students.

Biography

Henry Reed - Biography and Works

Henry Reed was an English war-poet of Second World War, translator, radio broadcaster, dramatist and journalist. He did his schooling at King Edward VI School and went to the University of Birmingham, where he came into contact with the famous poet W ...More

Robert Hayden - Biography and Works

Robert Hayden was an African-American poet, essayist, and educator, born in the Paradise Valley Slum section in Detroit. His father left his mother before his birth and after his birth, his mother gave him to the family of Sue Ellen Westerfield and W ...More


Patrick Kavanagh - Biography and Works

Patrick Kavanagh was the outstanding 20th century Irish poet and novelist, born to father James Kavanagh and mother Bridget Quinn. His father was a shoemaker and he learned this skill from his father and also helped him in the farm. He left school at ...More

Countee Cullen - Biography and Works

Countee Cullen was one of the most important Harlem Renaissance poets, novelist, anthologist, children's writer, translator and playwright. He was one of the African American poet who won most of the prestigious awards from his high school days that ...More


Poem

Naming of Parts by Henry Reed: Summary and Analysis

Naming of Parts written in 1942 by an English poet Henry Reed is a war poem written during the Second World War. It has five stanzas and is a fine lyric poem where the new recruit is being taught to operate a rifle, but at the same time is being dist ...More

Those Winter Sundays by Robert Hayden: Summary and Analysis

Those Winter Sundays by Robert Hayden, a significant modern black voice in poetry, is a 14 lined unrhymed poem which articulates the father-son relationship. It describes a child's memory about his father in his childhood days and his regrets on trea ...More


Canal Bank Walk by Patrick Kavanagh: Summary and Analysis

Canal Bank Walk was written by Patrick Kavanagh immediately after his recovery from the lung cancer in which he had a surgery to remove his lungs in 1955. Since this time period, his poetry has changed the tract from criticism and frustration to the ...More

Heritage by Countee Cullen: Summary and Analysis

Heritage by Countee Cullen was first collected in his first volume of poems Color which is regarded as the landmark for the Harlem Renaissance. This famous poem is also considered as the Black Waste Land because it is also about the confusion of the ...More


Fiction

Style and Narrative Technique in The Last of the Mohicans

Cooper's style is a simple one. He makes a sparing use of the figurative language of simile and metaphor. He quickly intensifies the narrative moment, then describes it and having described he exposes it. But his method of exposition and description ...More

Multiple Themes in Eliot's Adam Bede

Internal versus External Beauty: George Eliot makes a contrastive study of Hetty Sorrel and Dinah Morris so as to depict the theme of the inner and outer beauty. Hetty represents the outer beauty, she is physically attractive and has a grace in her e ...More


The Catcher in the Rye as a Novel of Escape

Holden Caulfield is the representative American postwar hero cast in the image of a New York adolescent coming to terms with a world where everything is 'phony' that makes him 'puke'.More

As I Lay Dying a Masterpiece of Faulkner

Many readers subscribe to the conviction that Faulkner's As I Lay Dying is an excellent piece of art. It is the superb product of experimental modernism. Faulkner has used experimental narrative technique. There is no authorial intrusion. Characters ...More


Drama

Romances or Tragicomedies in Shakespeare’s Last Plays

Shakespeare's last plays 'romances' effectively continue the irregular line of development of his earlier works by interfacing comic and tragic themes with a new intensity. All these romances deal in one way or another with evil and innocence, guilt ...More

Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett: A Tragedy

In the tradition of tragedy there is always a profound understanding of suffering and helpless humanity. The tradition continues from the ancient Greeks to the modern playwrights - Luigi Pirandello, Arthur Miller, Jean-Paul Sartre and Samuel Beckett, ...More


Short Fiction

Enemies by Anton Chekhov: Summary and Analysis

It was about ten o'clock of a dark September evening the doctor Kirilov's only son; Andrey died of diphtheria. A disappointed doctor’s wife was on her knees before the dead child’s cot. In the meantime, the bell rang sharply in the hall. Kirilov ...More

The Valiant Woman by James Farl Powers: Summary and Analysis

The story 'The Valiant Woman' by James Farl Powers is a story about the relation between man and woman in the context of a Roman Catholic. It presents the private life of Roman Catholic priests in off-duty moment and deals with the moral and practica ...More


Essay

The Timeless World of a Play by Tennessee Williams: Summary

Classical Greek tragedies were really excellent. The actors wore masks, moved like dancers and used highly literary language. The Greek audiences considered all these artificial things quite normal. Perhaps they supposed that the created world of a p ...More

The Timeless World of a Play by Tennessee Williams: Commentary

The Timeless World of a Play by Williams elaborates upon the generally accepted idea that art in any form captures and makes significant action, emotion, or mood 'in a world outside of time'. He pleads for greater understanding and for a recognition ...More


Critical Theory

The Paradox of Acting by Denis Diderot: An Overview

Diderot, in the essay The Paradox of Acting, dismantles the theoretical distinction between poet, actor, work, and audience. They all, for him work for the unity of the whole. Hazard Adams writes 'What the poet experiences and writes about an actor i ...More

Discourse on Art by Sir Joshna Reynolds: An Overview

Sir Joshna Reynolds in 'Discourse on Art' seems to build a principle of aesthetics. He refutes the idea that beauty does not follow rule. Rather he puts emphasis on the principles that make a work of art beautiful, the principles that assist “clear ...More


English Periods

Salient Features of Victorian Literature

The word Victorian suggests a few features of the literature including poetry of the nineteenth century. In poetry and literature, it carries the suggestion of pessimistic subject, elegiac tone, lyrical expression, musical poetry, description of the ...More

Nineteenth Century Prose

With the arrival of romanticism, the nineteenth century prose reached a new stage and became for the first time a literary norm of its own. The essay of this time became highly personal and often whimsical. They also contained the wanderings of the w ...More


Literary Terms

What is Confessional Poetry?

The confessional poetry is something that poets of the fifties like Robert Lowell and John Berryman had developed; but it reached its climax with Anne Sexton. Confessional mode of poetry is also defined as the poetry of 'I' centering on the extremes ...More

What is Harlem Renaissance?

Harlem Renaissance is a literary movement that emerged exclusively in African American area of Harlem, New York in 1920s. A mass migration had taken place in Harlem from the South after the World War I. This particular Renaissance refers to artistic, ...More


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Arts in Painting

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