Emily Dickinson (1830-1886)
The poem unveils her keen consciousness of the intricate truths of human desire.
The speaker begins the poem with a message stating that those who never succeed that really crave success the most. Those who fail count the success sweet. To understand the sweetness of nectar, one must be thirsty. Without knowing what the thirst is, one cannot really understand the sweetness of nectar. Then the speaker provides us with the imagery of war. The victorious troops experience the glory of success, but they cannot tell you any clear and precise definition of what victory is. The one who is defeated and is on verge of death can tell you the definition of victory. He is agonized at his own defeat, but he alone knows clearly what triumph is.
Her theme was precisely the perception of value won through deprivation. It was not sight, she knew, that could be won out of blindness, but a full appreciation of the miraculousness and preciousness of sight. So to 'comprehend' a nectar, to 'tell the definition' of victory, one must suffer thirst and defeat. Generally, people tend to desire things more intensely when they do not have them.
The poem is built upon a paradox of success and defeat, the victor and the vanquished. While the victor experiences and basks in the glory of success, the vanquished clearly comprehends and can tell the definition of victory. One experiences its taste and the other knows its meaning. The imagery drawn from war is most appropriate to the paradox and to the theme of the poem.
Shrestha, Roma. "Success is Counted Sweetest by Emily Dickinson: Summary and Analysis." BachelorandMaster, 16 Nov. 2017, bachelorandmaster.com/britishandamericanpoetry/success-is-counted-sweetest-summary-analysis.html.